Part One: Planning Ahead
Vaccines: In the past, I have gotten both the yearly influenza and the one-time pneumococcal vaccination for the bacteria family that causes pneumonia, meningitis and septicemia.
I usually do O.K. with the influenza vaccine, except for one year when I developed a massive migraine headache afterwards. That made me hesitant to get the shot the next year, so I skipped it. I did muster up the courage to get vaccinated in 2011 and did O.K. once again.
This year, I was unable to get vaccinated in Fall 2012 for the current flu season because of other medical problems I was dealing with post Hepatitis C treatment. Needless to say, once you get sick, getting the vaccine is pointless.
It is important to know that you should get vaccinated when you are feeling healthy and postpone the shot when you are sick. There is a vaccine that is administered as a nasal spray that contains live virus (LAIV) and people living with certain health conditions like diabetes should not get this type of vaccination. Due to allergies and severe vaccine reactions, some people should not get vaccinated at all. You can read more about flu shot precautions and contraindications at the CDC website.
Antiviral Medications: There are antiviral medications available by prescription only to treat the flu. They work best when taken within the first 48 hours of flu symptoms. Which means you need to know what the symptoms of the flu are and get in to see your doctor right away. Better yet, talk to your doctor at the beginning of Fall, before flu season starts, and discuss having the medication, or a prescription for it, on hand just in case. Read more about antiviral medications for treating the flu at WebMD.
Sick Day Plan: If you live with diabetes, chances are your endocrinologist has already talked to you about developing a sick day plan. This is also a good idea for the rest of us living with chronic illnesses too. Creating a plan involves talking to your doctor about specific actions to take when you get sick. Here are some question you might ask:
- What symptoms are O.K. to treat with self-care at home and what symptoms need a doctor's attention?
- What symptoms can be handled with a phone call and which ones need to be treated in the office, at the Urgent Care clinic or Emergency Room?
- What cold or flu remedies do I need to be avoided to prevent drug interactions?
- Should I keep certain medications, like anti-nausea pills or suppositories, nasal sprays, inhalers and/or antiviral flu medication on hand?
- Where should I go for medical care after-hours on the weekend and evenings?
Stock Your Cupboards and Medicine Cabinet: The last thing you want to do when you are sick is make a run to the drug or grocery store. Make a point of checking on what cold remedies and fever reducers you have, especially the expiration dates, and make a list of what you need at the beginning of Fall. You may also want to buy a stash of quick-to-prepare sick day foods like electrolyte replacement drinks, shelf-stable juices, tea, canned soups and crackers to have on hand as well.
Next time I'll discuss strategies for coping when you do get sick and how to get better as quickly as possible.
PLEASE NOTE: The intent of this article is to provide general health education information and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. When in doubt, consult your doctor for the care that is right for you.